DEPARTMENT OF BOTANY
Name of the Department with Address and Contact number :
Department of Botany
School of Life Sciences
Yogi Vemana University
Kadapa – 516003
Contact Number : 08562 – 225427
Year of Establishment :
2006
The Department of Botany started with a strong Philosophy to provide quality education with balanced basic knowledge of modern plant science to the students and researchers.
Mission:
Our mission is to discover, maintain, and transmit knowledge concerning basic plant biology and provide leadership in the biological sciences.
Vision of the Department (Future Research Activities)
This department mainly focus research activities related to the Molecular aspects of Abiotic stresses tolerance in crop plants, Phytoremediation of heavy metals, Production of biodiesel from local forest plants, Molecular taxonomy of vascular plants and their function and medicinal properties, multiplication and preservation of endangered species, etc.
Our Department is also engaged in developing different transgenic approaches to improve photosynthesis under Abiotic stress conditions in agronomically important crops with regional relevance.
Our Department has collaboration with Intra Schools and inter departmental, mainly working on identification and formulating the active components in some important local flora with medicinal value in long go. Discussions are in progress with other Departments, Schools of Life Sciences in other Universities and Institutions to collaborate in various aspects in areas of Molecular Biology, Genetic Engineering and Molecular Medicine.
Details of the faculty members :
Name of the Faculty Designation Specialization
Dr. Patan Shaik Shavalli Khan Professor Plant Biotechnology
Dr. Puli Chandra Obul Reddy Assistant Professor Plant Biotechnology & Functional Genomics
Dr. A. Madhusudhana Reddy Assistant Professor & Coordinator Plant Taxonomy and Lichens
Achievements :
It is one of the first departments which has attracted ~ 1.6 crores grants from different funding agencies
  1. About 10 students appointed as lecturers (on merit basis) in government junior and degree colleges by Regional Joint Director
  2. Many students working as lecturers in corporate/private junior colleges
  3. One student cleared APSET
  4. Four students selected for DST- INSPIRE Fellowships
  5. Two students selected as project fellows in other institutes and universities
  6. Selected as Supporting and supervising staff in AP Forestry/Agriculture departments and seed companies
Projects Under taken :
S.No Name of Coordinator/ Principal Investigator (PI) Co-PI/ Investigator Name of the Project Sponsoring Agency Duration Total Outlay of the Projects (Rs.)
1 Dr.P.S.Shavalli Khan- Principal Investigator Biofuel production from hydrocarbon yielding plants Department of Science and Technology (D.S.T), Govt. of India, New Delhi 2007-2009 22,52,413-00
2 Dr.P.S.Shavalli Khan- Principal Investigator Production of androgenic haploids to speed and support breeding of ginger Department of Biotechnology (D.B.T), Govt. of India, New Delhi 2010-2013 60,00,000-00
3. Dr.P.S.Shavalli Khan- Principal Investigator   University Grants Commission (UGC)    
4. Dr.P.Chandra Obul Reddy- Principal Investigator Development of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) transgenics carrying HD-START and DREB1F transcription factors for improved abiotic stress tolerane Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (C.S.I.R), Govt. of India, New Delhi Three years 20,00,000 -00
5. Dr.P.Chandra Obul Reddy- Principal Investigator Phytoremediation of Uranium enriched soils: Molecular, Biochemical and Transgenic approach Department of Biotechnology (D.B.T), Govt. of India, New Delhi Three years 25,00,000 -00
6. Dr.P.Chandra Obul Reddy- Principal Investigator Development of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea, L.) transgenics carrying HD-START transcription factor for improved drought stress tolerance Department of Science and Technology (D.S.T), Govt. of India, New Delhi Three years 26,60,000 -00
7. Dr.P.Chandra Obul Reddy- Principal Investigator Screening of small millets for abiotic stress tolerance: A physiological approach Agri Science Project, Yogi Vemana University Two years 2010 - 2012 1,50,000-00
8. Dr. P.Chandra Obul Reddy-Co Investigator Molecular Tagging of Tobacco Streak Virus gene: Screening Sunflower for Resistance to Tobacco Streak Virus and Mapping the TSV Resistance Gene Vibha Agrotech, Ltd, Hyderabad. Two year 2009 - 2011 5,00,000-00
9. Dr. P.Chandra Obul Reddy-Co Investigator Molecular tagging of stress tolerant small millet varieties and development of genetic and genomic resources for molecular breeding Agri Science Project, Yogi Vemana University Two year 2010 - 2012 2,50,000-00
10 Dr. A.Madhusudhana Reddy-Principal Investigator Large scale cultivation and commercialization of elite traitline of Banana Agri Science Project, Yogi Vemana University Two Year 2010-2012 3,00,000-00
11 Dr. A.Madhusudhana Reddy-Principal Investigator Biodiversity Assessment and Bioprospection of lichens in Rayalaseema Forests of Andhra Pradesh, India. Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi Three years 2012-2015 25,00,000-00
Details of Medals received by the Students:
Sri C.Sankar Reddy Memorial Gold Medal to all round meritorious M. Sc., Botany student of Y. V. University.
Academic Year Name of the Student
2007-09 Ms. B.Anjali Devi
2008-10 Mr. G.Krishna Kumar
2009-11 Ms. Rodha
Number of Research Scholars – 4 :
S. No. Name of the Research Scholar Research Area/ Topic Name of the Supervisor
1 Ms.B.Rajeswari Biofuel production from a latex yielding plant Euphorbia caducifolia Haines Dr.P.S.Shvalli Khan
2 Mr.P.Varakumar Drought Stress in Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.): Screening of Genotypes using Physiological, Biochemical, Molecular Tools and Development of transgenic groundnut for drought tolerance Dr.P.Chandra Obul Reddy
3 Ms.B.Anjali Devi Biodiversity Assessment and Bioprospection of lichens in Rayalaseema Forests of Andhra Pradesh, India. Dr.A.Madhusudhana Reddy
4 Mr.G.Krishna Kumar Nitrogen Use Efficiency (NUE) in Rice: Screening of Genotypes using Physiological, Biochemical, Molecular Tools and Development of transgenic rice for higher NUE Dr.P.Chandra Obul Reddy
Intake no. of Students (Semester wise) :
30
Seminars / Conference / Symposia/ Workshops/Guest lecturers conducted :
Dr. P. Chandra Obul Reddy, Assistant Professor, Department of Botany organized a Public Debate on “Pros and Cons of Biotechnology” on January 31st 2011. The Debate was attended by about 500 students (Mostly PG and Professional), 50 faculty members, 20 NGOs, 50 Farmers and members of Electronic and Print Media. The panelists were
  1. Prof. A. R. Reddy, Vice-Chancellor, YVU Kadapa and Co-Chairman, GEAC, New Delhi
  2. Prof. P. Reddanna, OSD, NIAB and University of Hyderabad
  3. Prof. Kameswar Rao, Foundation for Biotechnology Awareness and Education, Bangalore.
  4. Prof. P. Ananda Kumar, Director, Natinal Research Centre on Plant Biotechnology and Member, GEAC, IARI New Delhi
  5. Dr. B. Padmodaya, Principal Scientist and Program Co-ordinator, Krishi Vignan Kendra, Utukur, Kadapa
  6. Dr. G. Karuna Sagar, Senior Scientist, Agriculture Research Station, Utukur, Kadapa

The panelists in the beginning explained various aspects of biotechnology such as Plant biotechnology, Animal Biotechnology, Pharma Biotechnology, and the present status of production, regulation and research in the country. Further they discussed about GMOs and took specific examples. Issues such as technology itself, Biosafety, Regulatory mechanism, Environmental effects, Biodiversity, impact on Farm economy, etc., were elaborated. Care was taken to include both Pros & Cons of technologies in their explanations. Specific cases of GMOs such as Bt Cotton, Bt brinjal, Golden rice, stem cell research, animal and human vaccines have been highlighted. Subsequently, the floor was open for free debate on all the above issues. The following issues were raised by specific participants which were debated in detail.

  1. Pollen escape, effect on Biodiversity
  2. Increased resistance to BT project
  3. What mechanism strategies are in place to prevent and control such resistance
  4. Bioremediation
  5. Any development of GMOs that are climate change resistant
  6. What is the status of Animal Biotechnology
  7. What the Govt is doing to dispel apprehensions of public on this GM Technology
  8. Edible Vaccines
  9. What is the advantage accrued to small and marginal farmers in India
  10. Growing demand for animal biotech products and opportunities for entrepreneurship in this field

The panelist clarified the above doubts and explained in detail giving specific examples with experimental data. Also, the present status of research and development of GM Crops drugs and vaccines, and the existing regulatory mechanism mandatory for approval and commercialization were discussed. The experience of this debate reveals that there is a need for organizing more such meetings in order to enhance public awareness about scientific facts of Biotechnology-derived products.

  1. International Seminar on Plant Biotechnology and Genomics (ISPBG-2009)
  2. Biotechnology: Pros and Cons seminars in Yogi Vemana University, Kadapa)
  3. Genomics Workshop in collaboration with UGCNRCBS-MKU-2012
Work Shops/Guest lectures conducted:
Dr. Linga Reddy Gutha, Post-Doctoral Research Associate, Department of Plant Pathology, College of Agricultural, Human and Natural Resource Sciences, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington visited the department 27th September, 2010 and delivered lecture on “Expression profiling and functional characterization of genes in response to abiotic and biotic stress factors in plants”
Botanical Garden:

This department is also maintains Botanical Garden. This facility with a land stretch of 18.27 acres is on the University Campus. It serves for collection and maintenance of useful germplasm for various crops and plant species that have invaluable utility in the area of Plant Bio-Technology and Genetic Engineering. This is another innovative programme launched by the University.
Botanical gardens are living repositories of indigenous and exotic, cultivated and wild plants, It is a place where a wide variety of plants are cultivated for scientific, educational, and ornamental purposes, often including a library, a herbarium, and greenhouses. Yogi Vemana University Botanical Garden is basically developed to educate the students, researchers and common man about plant biodiversity and its importance in human well – being.

Placements:

Students Alumni of the Department are placed in various prestigious International Organizations like ICGEB, New Delhi, sister Universities like S.K.University. Most of the students are selected as Junior Lecturers based on their merit.

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